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Abscesses – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

 Abscess is a soft mass generally surrounded by areas colored from pink or dark red. Abscesses are often easily felt by touching them. The middle part of the abscess is full of pus and debris.
Abscesses are very painful and warm to the touch. An abscess can appear anywhere in your body. The most common places are abscesses in the axilla (axilla), the area around the anus and vagina (Bartholin abscess), the base of the spine (pilonidal abscess), around the teeth (tooth abscess), and in the groin. Inflammation around the hair follicles can also cause abscess formation called boils (furuncles).
Unlike other infections, antibiotics will not usually cure abscesses. In general, abscesses must be opened and pus inside it must be removed for healing. Sometimes pus will come out on its own, but generally it must be opened by a doctor with a procedure called incision and drainage (I & D).

Causes of abscess

An abscess is a disease caused by obstruction of the oil glands ( sebaceous ) or sweat glands, inflammation of the hair follicles, or puncture of the skin. Germs travel under the skin or to the gland, which causes an inflammatory response as the body’s defense to try to kill these germs.
The contents of the abscess in liquid form contain dead cells, bacteria, and other debris. Increasing the contents of the abscess will create tension under the skin and further inflammation of the surrounding tissue. This pressure and inflammation causes pain when suffering from an abscess.
People with weakened immune systems can get more frequent abscesses and are at greater risk of developing an abscess. This is because the body has a reduced ability to ward off infection.
People with a decline in the immune system and at risk of getting an abscess include:
  • People who get long-term steroid therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • AIDS
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Leukemia
  • Peripheral vascular disorders
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Severe burns
  • Severe trauma
  • Alcoholism or intravenous drug abuse / infusion
Other risk factors for abscesses include exposure to dirty environments, exposure to certain types of people from skin infections, poor hygiene, and poor circulation of blood flow.

Symptoms of abscess

Also know the symptoms of abscesses so they can be treated as soon as possible!
An abscess is often painful with a mass that is red, warm and soft to the touch.
  • In some symptoms of an abscess, there may be “dots” that appear so that you can see the contents in the abscess and then spontaneously open (break).
  • Most will continue to worsen without treatment. The infection can spread to the tissues under the skin and even into the bloodstream.
  • If the infection spreads to deeper tissue, you may experience a fever and start feeling sick.

Treatment of abscesses: Self-care at home

You can also do self-care if you have an abscess. This treatment also only needs to be done at home, but of course it must be routine. Here’s how to treat abscess at home:
  • If the abscess is small (less than 1 cm or less than half an inch), warm compresses to the affected area for about 30 minutes, 4 times a day can help.
  • Don’t try to dry the abscess by squeezing or pressing on it. This can push the infected material into deeper tissue.
  • Do not attach needles or other sharp tools to the center of the abscess because you might injure the underlying blood vessels or cause the infection to spread.

When should I see a doctor?

When you experience an abscess, sometimes you don’t immediately see a doctor. Actually, when  do  people with abscesses have to go to the doctor? This is the answer:
  • An abscess is greater than 1 cm or half an inch
  • Pain continues to enlarge or become more painful.
  • Pain in or near your rectal or groin area.
  • You have a fever of 38 ° C or higher.
  • You have a red streak abscess
  • You have one of the medical conditions listed above.
Go to the hospital’s Emergency Unit if the person suffering from an abscess experiences this condition:
  • Fever from 39 ° C or higher, especially if you have chronic disease or take steroids on a long-term basis, chemotherapy, or dialysis
  • Lumps in any area near your abscess and chest area (for example, abscesses on your legs can cause swollen lymph nodes in the groin area)

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