Maintaining a healthy vagina is something that must be done by a woman. When the vagina has a disturbance, it can affect fertility, sexual desire to the overall health condition of women.
One problem that women must watch out for is a lump in the vagina. So, what causes a lump in the vagina? Lumps that grow around the vagina can be caused by various causes.
Some of the causes of a lump in the vagina include: glandular, infectious, congenital or tumor obstruction. Meanwhile, the most common lump in this female sex organ is Bartholin’s cyst, Bartholin’s abscess, and hymenal tag.
The Bartholin gland is a pair of glands found on the right and left side of the vagina. The gland serves to remove fluid to lubricate the vagina. Under normal circumstances, Bartholin’s gland is invisible and palpable because it is very small.
Disorders of the Bartholin gland which often occur are Bartholin’s cysts and Bartholin’s abscess, where both of these are the most common causes of lumps in the vagina and usually only involve one of the glands.
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Bartholin’s cyst occurs due to blockage of the outline of the Bartholin’s gland, so that the gland swells and forms a cyst. Bartholin cysts are generally not painful, the presence of pain can indicate that the size of the cyst is getting bigger and infection occurs.
While Bartholin’s abscess is formed when Bartholin’s cyst has bacterial infections such as Chlamydia , Gonorrhea , and Escherichia coli . In Bartholin’s abscess has symptoms such as pain, redness in the area around the vagina, feels a lump in the vaginal opening, uncomfortable when walking or sitting, pain during intercourse, to cause fever.
In addition to some of the causes above, the causes of other vaginal lumps that you should know, including:
Varicose veins in the vaginal area
A condition in which the veins or blood vessels around your vulva swell. This varicose vein usually occurs in about 10% of women who are pregnant or experiencing menopause.
Symptoms of varicose veins in the form of bluish bumps due to blood vessels swell around the labia minora and majora. You may not experience pain, but sometimes it will feel blocked, cause itching , or even bleeding.
This venereal disease is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Usually characterized by a lump in the vaginal opening or runny bumps on the genitals, anus, or mouth. Genital herpes can spread by touch, but more often spreads through sexual intercourse.
The shape of this wart is usually a small lump and has a color like the skin. Genital warts can basically disappear by themselves, but not infrequently also will perch for a long time and cause infection. Genital warts caused by the genital human papilloma virus (HPV).
Ulcer mole (chancroid)
Chancroid or mole ulcer is a genital infection caused by the bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi. These bacteria produce open sores or scabs that appear on or near the external reproductive organs.
Women can develop four or more red bumps in the labia, between the labia and anus, or in the thighs. After the lump becomes ulcers, or is open, you may experience a burning sensation or pain when you urinate or defecate.
Handling Lumps in the Vagina
Seeing the many causes of lumps in the vagina, it is certainly very difficult to determine the cause without doing an examination with professional medical personnel. Temporary treatment that you can try is to soak the vaginal area in the bathtub or wash it with warm water.
If in a few days there is no improvement or even an enlarged cyst, accompanied by increasingly severe pain, fever, and vaginal bleeding, immediately go to the doctor to get the right treatment.
In addition, the provision of therapy can be given in the form of surgery to re-open the blockage and remove abscesses, as well as giving appropriate antibiotics. The diagnosis of Bartholini’s cysts and abscesses was carried out by a physical examination by a doctor, the culture was only done to determine the type of bacteria causing the abscess.
In general, vaginal tumors cause no symptoms at all until they reach a large enough size. Symptoms or signs that can arise such as a depressed sensation, pain during intercourse, blockage of the vagina or urethra, or vaginal bleeding.
Therefore, routine checks can detect abnormalities that have only recently appeared in patients who have no symptoms. Routine examinations that can be performed such as routine pelvic examinations and Pap smears.
If a tumor has been formed, a tissue biopsy and colposcopy can be performed . High risk factors for vaginal tumors include: over 60 years of age, history of cervical cancer, precancerous history of the vaginal area, maternal history using DES ( diethylstilbesterol ) during the womb, history of sexually transmitted diseases such as HPV ( Human Papiloma Virus ), vaginal adenosis , and smoking habits.
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Meanwhile, a lump in the vagina does not only occur in adult women but can also occur in baby girls. Mection once this lump in the vagina is harmless because it is formed from hymen and labia minora, the influence of the estrogen hormone from the mother. As estrogen levels decrease in infants, hymenal tags will disappear within a few weeks.
You should also be aware of the use of feminine cleaning products because they can cause allergies or irritation, and affect normal bacteria in the vagina that prevent infection .