Most people have experienced tingling if they sit cross-legged for too long or fall asleep with their hands held down on their head. Actually, what causes tingling that we often experience?
Frequent Tingling Shows Symptoms of Disease
As revealed by Dr. Tiara Anindhita, Sp.S, from the Department of Neurology FKUI / RSCM, tingling is an abnormal spontaneous sensation in certain nerve regions.
Normally, humans can feel certain sensations after an appropriate stimulus or stimulus. For example, feeling, feeling, touching, pressing, pain, and so on.
The sensation only appears when there is a stimulus. Of course the sensation that arises must be in accordance with the stimulus. So if we are touched, we will feel a touchable sensation.
While in cases of tingling, the sensation appears spontaneously without any stimulus. It can be a hot feeling like burning, bad taste, tingling, like being stabbed.
Paresthesia or tingling is the terminology for a symptom and not a diagnosis of disease. That is why the symptoms of paresthesia can be found in various diseases that affect the nerves, especially the peripheral nerves.
Do not underestimate if you often tingling!
In fact, tingling can be an indication of many diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, pinched nerves, disorders of blood flow in peripheral blood vessels, and blood disorders.
Therefore, you must immediately know what causes tingling that has been quite disturbing. Do not be underestimated and lead to dangerous diseases.
Various Causes of Tingling
More specifically, we discuss together about the causes of tingling. This will also help you to be free from everyday tingling disorders.
As an illustration, the human nervous system is divided into:
- Central nerves (brain and bone marrow), and
Well , perifier is a nerve fiber that comes out from the center to the organs, such as skin, muscles, organs in the stomach, and heart. You could say similar to a computer that has a central processing unit (CPU) and is connected with a cable connector.
The presence of abnormalities in the peripheral nerves is called neuropathy and the causes can vary. Apart from diabetes, it can also be due to autoimmune, thyroid, vascular disease, and so on. Symptoms of paresthesias can be caused by more severe neurological disorders, such as tumors in the bone marrow area or post-stroke sequelae.
The symptoms between paresthesias and neuropathy are very different. In neuropathy, the tingling that appears is very typical. Usually on the soles of the feet then the palms and symmetrical right and left.
“It’s often called the stocking gloves area , just like wearing gloves and socks,” said Dr. Tiara Anindhita, Sp.S.
In abnormalities in the bone marrow or brain, tingling areas vary greatly, depending on the location of the nerve affected. In cases of more severe neuropathy, tingling can be followed by pain or movement disorders in the hands and feet.
8 Dangerous Diseases Detected Through Tingling
If you often feel tingling for a long period of time, you need to be vigilant!
Generally, tingling can indeed occur throughout the body. Ever experienced the right tingling foot? It could be something wrong with your feet.
Then, if the whole body is tingling with the symptoms of what disease?
This can be a symptom of a dangerous disease. Therefore, from now on try to see what are the causes of tingling that you experience.
Here are some diseases that are characterized by tingling:
Diabetes mellitus (DM)
In DM patients , tingling is a symptom of damage to blood vessels. As a result, blood flowing at the nerve endings decreases. This condition can be overcome by controlling blood sugar levels strictly, also taking drugs such as gabapentin, vitamin B1 and B12
Tingling can be a sign of mild stroke . Usually caused by blockages in blood vessels in the brain that cause local nerve damage.
Symptoms of stroke characterized by tingling:
- Half body feeling numb
- Paralyzed in half the body
- Blind eye
- It’s hard to talk
- Double vision and blur
Symptoms last a few minutes or less than 24 hours. It usually occurs at bedtime or just wakes up. This condition must be treated because it can develop into a severe stroke.
Tingling is not only due to pressure neuropathy, but because of heart complications with nerves. In heart patients who are undergoing valve surgery, there are blood clots attached. The clot can carry blood flow to the brain, so that it occurs cerebral embolic.
If the blockage in the brain is about the area that regulates the sensory system, the sufferer will feel the tingling next. If the area that regulates the motor system is also affected, tingling will be accompanied by paralysis.
This causes the body parts from the belly button down to not be moved. Patients cannot control urination, even defecating is difficult.
This disease is called myelitis (inflammation of the spinal cord). The cure rate depends on the damage. Can recover partially, but there are also those that end up paralyzed.
This disease can cause tingling or feeling thick. In this case the nerve is pinched due to the joints on the hinge, such as the wrist joint, changing shape. Symptoms of tingling usually disappear by themselves when rheumatism heals.
Often tingling can also be a sign of spasmophilia (tetani). This disease arises because the level of calcium ions in the blood decreases. The cause is a decrease in the voltage of carbon dioxide in the lungs.
Other symptoms: spasms in the legs, difficulty sleeping, emotional instability, fear, weakness, side headaches or migraines, and loss of consciousness.
Tingling can be an indication of this disease. Marked symptoms of high fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. Also followed by tingling and numbness.
Tingling is usually felt all over the body, especially at the tips of the toes and hands because the virus attacks the peripheral nervous system. If the situation is not immediately addressed, the attack will continue to vital organs. As a result, sufferers feel short of breath and are paralyzed throughout the body.
There is a tingling that is preceded by a severe flu. Tingling feels great from the tip of the finger, radiating to the navel. Patients can only feel numb or until it is difficult to walk, meaning the spinal cord has inflammation. This is due to a virus attack, usually cytomegalovirus.
Tingling Is Also Caused By Physiological Factors
Apart from being a symptom of a disease, tingling can also appear physiologically. Certain body positions that do not change for a long time, such as sitting cross-legged, can cause tingling.
Explained by Dr. Dita, the cause of tingling in general because of the blocked blood flow to certain nerve regions due to continuous suppression for a long time. “The nerves experience ‘lack of food’ for a moment marked by the tingling sensation,” he explained.
How to avoid tingling?
We must diligently change positions and make minor movements periodically so that blood flow remains smooth.
One more thing, in Western countries, tingling can also occur due to excessive alcohol consumption. While in Indonesia, tingling is often related to nutrition, which is a lack of vitamin B12 intake.
That is a brief discussion about the causes of tingling to diseases that are marked if someone is often tingling.
If you experience tingling in a long period of time and feel annoying, consult a doctor immediately!